03Mar/16

Maharishi Vishwamitra

Viswamitra is the author of the Gayatri Mantram.
Before being a sage, Vishwamitra was a king of lunar dynasty. His name was Kausika which means ‘of the river Kausi’. A Life changing event occured in his life and he became Rishi.
One day, the king found an Asram in the forest during hunting. Asram was of Rishi Vasistha, who was newly migrated in that forest. Viswamitra was surprised to see a new Maharishi on his territory. When he went to visit, Vasistha fed Viswamitra’s entire army. Viswamitra was curious about how Vasistha managed to do this. Then Vasistha showed him the holy cow, Nandini, who was the daughter of Kamadhenu-the wish granting cow that came out at the time of the churning of the Ocean.
Both the cow could grant wishes. The king and his army enjoyed the feast. The king was impressed by the cow’s powers and was convinced that the cow would be more useful to a king than a sage. But Vasistha refused to depart from Nandini. The King fought with Rishi Vasistha for Nandini, but the king was no match for Vasistha’s spiritual and Nandini’s magic. Vishwamitra was defeated. That defeat inspired him to do intense meditation with a desire to acquire the same brahman power and status as Vasistha. Viswamitra did worship for many years, till he became a Brahmarishi. It was then that Brahama gave him the title Viswamitra or friend of the world.
During tapsya Viswamitra was charmed by Menaka, a beautiful apsra of heaven, and they had a baby girl. Baby girl was raised by Kanva Maharishi, who named her Sakuntala. Sankutala married a great king Dushayanta and she was the mother of Bharta, the king who gave India her name of Bharta.

03Mar/16

Maharishi Bhardawaj

Among Vedic Rishis, Bhardawaja Rishi lived through three lives, at the end of which he became immortal and ascended to the heavenly world, to union with the sun. Rishi Bharadawaj’s father was Guru Brahaspati and mother was Mamta. Lord Sri Rama had gone to his Asharam during ‘Forest life’. Rishi Bharadawaj’s hymns were collected in Rig-Veda and Atharveda. Rishi Bharadawaj’s work include “Bharadawaj-Smriti”, “Bharadawaj-Samhita”, and “Vimana-Shastra”. In “Vimana-Shastra” Bharadawaj Rishi wrote the details to build different types of aircrafts. It is very interesting fact that Rishis of India had known the technology to fly in air thousands year ago. In “Vimana-Shastra” Great Rishi Bharadwaja explained the construction of aircraft and way to fly it in air, on land, on water and use the same aircrat like a sub-marine. He also described the construction of war planes and fighter aircraft. Vaimaanikashastra explains the metals and alloys and other required material, which can be make an aircraft imperishable in any condition; but the technology available today does not allow us to create metal with some of the properties that are described.
The first principle of Vaimaanikashastra defines an aircraft.
“Vegasaamyaat Vaiaano Andajaanaam!”
Which means Vimaana is the one which can fly in air like a bird. Subsequent principles explain the requirements for being a Vimaanaadhikari or pilot.
In Jatyadhikarana, which classified aircraft says, “Jaatitrividaym Yugabhedath Vimaanaanaam!” The aircraft is classified into three types: Mantrika, Tantrika and Kritaka, to suit different yugas. In Kritayuga, it is said, Dharma was well established. The people of that time had the devinity to reach any place using their Ashtasiddhis. The aircraft used in Dwaparayuga were called Mantrikavimana, flown by the power of tantras. Fifty six varieties of aircraft including Bhairava and Nandaka belong to this era. The aircraft used in Kaliyuga, the ongoing yuga, are called Kritakavimana, flown by the power of engines. Twenty-five varieties of aircraft including Shakuna, Sundara and Rukmavimana belong to this era.
According to Bharadwaja, Angaanyekaatrishat, which means there were thirty-one instruments to fly an aircraft, including Vishwakriyaadarpana, to see the surroundings from the aircraft and Shaktyaa karshanadarpana, to absorb solar energy. Manufacture of different types of instruments and putting them together to form an aircraft are also described.
In Vastraadhikarana, the chapter describing the dress and other wear required while flying, talks in detail about the wear for both the pilot and the passenger separately.
Ahaaraadhikarana is yet another section exclusively dealing with the food habits of a pilot. This has a variety of guidelines for pilots to keep their health through strict diet.
According to Bharadwaja, there are 32 secret techniques to fly an aircraft. They are Maantrika, Taantrika, Taantrika, Kritaka, Antaraaia, Gooda, Drishya, Adrishya, Paroksha, Aparoksha, Sankoncha, Vistrita, Viropakarana, Roopantara, Suroopa, Jyotirbhava, Tamomaya, Pralaya, Vimikha, Taara, Mahashabada vimochana, Langhana, Saarpagamana, Chaapala, Sarvatomukha, Parashabda graahaka, Roopaakarshanam Kriyaa rahasya grahana, Dikpradarshana, Aakaashaakara rachana, Jaladaruja, Stabdaka and Karshana.
It is interesting to know that some enthusiats tried to show the knowledge of “Vimana-Shastra” and some tried to build aircraft also.

02Mar/16

Ved Vyasa

Ved-Vyasa was one of the important ancient Indian historians, astronomers and philosophers. The Sanskrit word Vyasa means split, differentiate, or describe; it also means editor. The sage classified the primordial single Veda into four. Hence he was called Veda Vyasa, or “Splitter of the Vedas.” It is revealed in the ancient history that different Rishis in different yuga edited the Veda, and they all were called “Ved Vyasas”. Our Ved Vyasa is twenty-eighth, who is traditionally known as author of the Mahabharata, and as the splitter of the Vedic literature.
Twenty eighth Ved Vyasa, who was born of Parasara Rishi through the Matsyakanya-Satyawathi Devi-under some peculiar and wonderful circumstances. Vyasa father, Parasara, himself was a great sage and wrote a book on astrology called the “Brihat Parasara Hora Sastra.” This is the most important book of Indian Astrology. He has also written a Smriti known as “Parasara Smriti”, which is held in such high esteem that it is quoted by our present-day writers on sociology and ethics. Parasara taught Vyasa everything that he knew.
At that time, all the knowledge was available as one single Veda. So Ved Vyas divided it into four Vedas, Puranas and UpaPuranas. The four Vedas are “Rigveda”, “SamVeda”, “YajurVeda”, and “AtharVeda”. Vyasa composed the Mahabharatam containing thousands of verses so that ordinary people may understand the Vedas. At that time, there were some people who knew how to write. But Ganapati, the son of Parvati was the best and the fastest. So, Ved Vyasa asked Ganesha to aid him in writing the Mahabharat. In the first book, it is stated that Ganesha imposed a condition that Vyasa narrate the story without pause, and Vyasa made a counter condition that lord Ganesh understand the verse before he transcribed it.
Mahabhartam had all the stories and philosophy of Puranas, Vedas, and Upanishadas. Vyasa also composed one of the 18 original astronomical principles. Vyasa’s last work was the “Bhagvata”, which he undertook at the instigation of Devarshi Narada, who came to him and advised him to write it.
Vyasa also played an important role in Mahabharata. His mother later married the king of Hastinapura, and had two sons. Both sons died without an issue and taking recourse to an ancient practice called Niyoga where a chosen man can father sons with the widow of a person who dies issueless, she requests Vyasa to produce sons on behalf of her dead son vichitravirya. Vyasa fathers the prices Dhritarashtra and Pandu (by Ambika and Ambalika, the wives of dead king). The sequence of events also leads to a third son, Vidura, from a serving maid to the queens. While these are ‘legally’ not his sons, another son Shuka, born of a celestial nymph, is considered his true spiritual heir. He thus was the grandfather of both the warring parties of the Mahabharata, the Kauravas, and the Pandavas.
Vyasa is considered by all Hindus as a Chiranjivi, who is still living roaming throughout the world for the well-being of his devotees.