Ved Vyasa

Ved-Vyasa was one of the important ancient Indian historians, astronomers and philosophers. The Sanskrit word Vyasa means split, differentiate, or describe; it also means editor. The sage classified the primordial single Veda into four. Hence he was called Veda Vyasa, or “Splitter of the Vedas.” It is revealed in the ancient history that different Rishis in different yuga edited the Veda, and they all were called “Ved Vyasas”. Our Ved Vyasa is twenty-eighth, who is traditionally known as author of the Mahabharata, and as the splitter of the Vedic literature.
Twenty eighth Ved Vyasa, who was born of Parasara Rishi through the Matsyakanya-Satyawathi Devi-under some peculiar and wonderful circumstances. Vyasa father, Parasara, himself was a great sage and wrote a book on astrology called the “Brihat Parasara Hora Sastra.” This is the most important book of Indian Astrology. He has also written a Smriti known as “Parasara Smriti”, which is held in such high esteem that it is quoted by our present-day writers on sociology and ethics. Parasara taught Vyasa everything that he knew.
At that time, all the knowledge was available as one single Veda. So Ved Vyas divided it into four Vedas, Puranas and UpaPuranas. The four Vedas are “Rigveda”, “SamVeda”, “YajurVeda”, and “AtharVeda”. Vyasa composed the Mahabharatam containing thousands of verses so that ordinary people may understand the Vedas. At that time, there were some people who knew how to write. But Ganapati, the son of Parvati was the best and the fastest. So, Ved Vyasa asked Ganesha to aid him in writing the Mahabharat. In the first book, it is stated that Ganesha imposed a condition that Vyasa narrate the story without pause, and Vyasa made a counter condition that lord Ganesh understand the verse before he transcribed it.
Mahabhartam had all the stories and philosophy of Puranas, Vedas, and Upanishadas. Vyasa also composed one of the 18 original astronomical principles. Vyasa’s last work was the “Bhagvata”, which he undertook at the instigation of Devarshi Narada, who came to him and advised him to write it.
Vyasa also played an important role in Mahabharata. His mother later married the king of Hastinapura, and had two sons. Both sons died without an issue and taking recourse to an ancient practice called Niyoga where a chosen man can father sons with the widow of a person who dies issueless, she requests Vyasa to produce sons on behalf of her dead son vichitravirya. Vyasa fathers the prices Dhritarashtra and Pandu (by Ambika and Ambalika, the wives of dead king). The sequence of events also leads to a third son, Vidura, from a serving maid to the queens. While these are ‘legally’ not his sons, another son Shuka, born of a celestial nymph, is considered his true spiritual heir. He thus was the grandfather of both the warring parties of the Mahabharata, the Kauravas, and the Pandavas.
Vyasa is considered by all Hindus as a Chiranjivi, who is still living roaming throughout the world for the well-being of his devotees.

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